Struggling to Survive: Slavery and exploitation of Syrian refugees in Lebanon
Conducted in the early part of 2016 this project documented the manifestations of slavery and human trafficking among the Syrian refugee population in Lebanon. This exploratory research looked in particular at child labour, sexual exploitation, forced labour, child marriage, and organ trafficking. With interviews conducted with senior representatives of government departments, municipalities, international organisations, international NGOs and grassroots organisations, this project also aimed to advise Freedom Fund and its partners about areas for potential funding in Lebanon, and to make recommendations about tackling slavery and trafficking.
In the wake of the still-raging conflict in Syria, half the population – 11 million people - has been killed or forced to flee their homes. Syrians now constitute the largest refugee population in the world. Since the beginning of the conflict, at least 1.1 million women, men and children from Syria, including Palestinian Syrians – refugees from Israel’s occupation of Palestinian lands - have sought protection across their western border in Lebanon. Almost six years on, the vast majority of refugees in Lebanon are living in abject poverty, in precarious accommodation and scraping by in the barest of survival modes, and the government of Lebanon has effectively closed its borders.
Globally, human trafficking has been connected to conflicts and wars from Democratic Republic of Congo, Cambodia and Afghanistan to the Balkans and Latin America. The massive displacement of civilian populations that usually accompanies conflict also facilitates the movement of people into highly exploitative situations. In 2015, the UN Security Council discussed human trafficking in conflict situations for the first time ever. While there are a large number of organisations in Lebanon providing services and support to Syrian refugees, efforts to curb the growing incidence of slavery and human trafficking are often uncoordinated, limited in their focus and do not always target those most at risk. This report sets out a pathway to deliver tangible and lasting change. It examines the different ways in which slavery is occurring among Syrian refugees in Lebanon and the multiple factors that combine to force people into situations of slavery. Addressing these risk factors will require the commitment of a broad range of stakeholders, including the Lebanese government, international governments, international organisations, NGOs and donors. This report provides a set of targeted and integrated recommendations to counter slavery and human trafficking of Syrian refugees in Lebanon.
Rukshanda Naz Alumnus Reflection
I am an activist in the Pakistani women’s movement since the early 1990s. A lawyer by profession, I also worked with a number of NGOs on issues of violence against women and children and on women’s empowerment programs. My work for peace started with issues of Afghan Refugees and peace movements for India and Pakistan. As a professional, I have served one of the country’s leading civil society organizations for women’s rights, Aurat Foundation, as Resident Director from May 1993-May 2008 and Chief Operating Officer May 2008-Oct 2009.
Ernest Asigri Alumnus Reflection
I have over seventeen years of development management experience with specialties in Peacebuilding, Human Security and Refugee Livelihoods Sustainability. I’ve worked with a number of civil society and international organisations, including the UNDP both in Ghana and within the West African Sub-region. Currently I am working as the Programmes Manager at the Ghana Pentecostal and Charismatic Council...
Crisis, what crisis? Assessing international responses to refugees from 2010 to 2020
With around 22.5 million people are currently displaced across international borders by armed conflict, persecution or human rights violations and two thirds living in long-term, protracted displacement, there have been repeated political and media claims of an unprecedented ‘global refugee crisis’. But how useful is it to think of this as a global crisis? How have states and international organisations sought to address the issue? And what lies ahead for international politics and policy making?
Coventry University Research on Africa Seminar (CURAS 2018)
Across many departments and research centres in Coventry University are researchers undertaking varied and sometimes interdisciplinary research projects on Africa that aligns with the research interest and agendas of other fellow researchers. Thus, the idea behind CURAS 2018 is to bring together researchers in Coventry University undertaking research in Africa.