Sanctions and Africa: an International Law and Politics Conference
Thursday 09 December 2021 to Friday 10 December 2021
The Centre for Financial and Corporate Integrity of Coventry University, together with The Graduate Institute Geneva and University of Pretoria welcomes registrations to an international law and politics conference on sanctions and Africa.
About the conference
The use of unilateral and multilateral sanctions continues to rise in international relations, but the study of sanctions from African perspectives is under explored. This is despite the case that the majority of sanctions agreed by the United Nations or other regional organizations and states are concentrated in the African continent. Research on the intersection of sanctions and Africa mainly focuses on the empirical study of the intended and unintended impacts of sanctions, measures of effectiveness, and normative exploration of humanitarian or human rights concerns in implementation of sanctions. This reinforces the view that the continent is a passive recipient of sanctions, and a marginal actor in shaping knowledge, rules, and practice on the subject.
The aim of the conference is to investigate and reimagine Africa as an active voice and perspective in the global legal and political discourse on sanctions. There are historic and contemporary examples of African states resisting certain types of sanctions, supporting other types of sanctions, and crafting their own sanctions practice. Instances include: attempts to outlaw economic coercion and recognize it as a ground of invalidating treaty obligations under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties; comments and views provided by African governments in the course of the works of the International Law Commission (e.g. on state responsibility) and various UN Human Rights Council’s Special Rapporteurs (e.g. Special Rapporteur on Unilateral Coercive Measures and Human Rights); positions expressed at the UN General Assembly supporting or requesting both multilateral and unilateral sanctions in certain circumstances (e.g. in support of anti-apartheid and decolonization agendas); and the emerging continental and sub-continental sanctions practice in Africa focusing on unconstitutional change of governments.
This multidisciplinary conference explores these and various other disparate practices with a view to developing a systematic understanding of the ways in which African actors seek to shape, challenge, and advance the knowledge, rules, and practice on sanctions. This involves uncovering and situating African perspectives, concerns and practices within, and vis-à-vis, the broader debate on sanctions in global governance. The conference also examines sanctions law, policy and practice from around the world, with an eye for their impact in Africa. How has African experience and input informed existing norms and practice governing sanctions? In what ways has global sanctions practice impacted Africa? How should African perspectives shape efforts to reform the law and practice on sanctions?
Amb. Dr. Namira Negm, Legal Counsel of the African Union
Other speakers will be announced as soon as they are confirmed.
Dr Nathanael Tilahun, Coventry University
Dr Erica Moret, The Graduate Institute Geneva
Professor Zozo Dyani-Mhango, University of Pretoria
For all enquiries, please email the conference organisers.
We welcome theoretical, empirical, historical and doctrinal analysis that investigate:
- The positions of African actors (states, economic actors, civil society, and intergovernmental organizations) regarding the legality or functioning of contemporary sanctions
- Successful and unsuccessful interventions of African states and non-state actors in the development of international law and shaping of political practice relating to sanctions
- Comparative analysis of African sanctions practices with national and regional practices in other regions of the world
- Sanctions policy and practice from outside of Africa (global, EU, US) bearing a distinctive impact on the continent
- The role of sanctions in promoting peace and security in Africa
- Cross-cutting sanctions issues affecting African states and non-state actors
- Meta-reflections on the state of Africa-centred sanctions research
- Unintended consequences of sanctions imposed against African targets
We encourage submissions from or in collaboration with African, Africa-based, and Africa-focused researchers. Submissions from around the world are accepted.
To present a paper at the conference, please submit an abstract of no more than 300 words by 15 September 2021 through the event registration webpage.
Notification of decision on acceptance of abstract will be communicated within a week after the deadline.
Papers selected for the conference will be considered for a special issue publication (journal to be announced soon), subject to normal review processes of the journal and thematic fit.
To be considered for publication, draft papers or working paper must be submitted by 26 November 2021 to the email address: email@example.com
Subsequent deadline will be set after the conference for resubmission of revised papers for review by journal.