Subsistence and market demand must drive innovations. There is a need to better document and plan wood clusters. The link between the national wood demand balance and the local level needs to be strengthened. Although land resources are scarce, there are options to produce biomass on marginal, degraded land or well‐integrated in small farm production, which requires solutions like agroforestry. The integration of trees and shrubs in the farm, increases productivity without replacing food production. This also has positive implications for climate change mitigation and adaptation by sequestrating carbon dioxide and mitigating the greenhouse effect. In main land Tanzania and other islands in the Indian Ocean e.g. Zanzibar, Pemba etc scenario techniques were applied to identify and discuss possible innovative production systems for livelihood improvement with relevant stakeholders. The study is two pronged; research and teaching module component.
Professor Felister Mombo is a Tanzanian; Natural resource and environmental economist, employed by Sokoine University of Agriculture as an Associate Professor. She has worked in her field of expertise for more than 20 years under various capacities. She has participated in researches and consultancies both at national and international capacities in collaborations with USAID-CDM Smith, Norwegian Programme for Development, Research and Education (NUFU)-Royal Norwegian Government, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)-UK, Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund (CEPF) and Fauna and Flora International (FFI), World Bank, Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD)/Noragric, Belgium Technical Cooperation (BTC, now known as Enabel) and NASA/University of Michigan. She has publications cited in national and international reviewed journals in the field of economics, business, social, and earth sciences.