My Research Vision
With concerns about the environmental impact of the built environment becoming increasingly urgent, my research is directed at solving a number of problems which are of fundamental importance to industry and society – namely making use of waste products in construction as viable alternatives to environmentally harmful ones, and offering safer alternatives in the developing world to materials such as asbestos, to slow its further release into the environment.
The key innovation in my work is the complete substitution of conventional Portland cement by mineral industrial wastes to produce low to medium strength concrete (my patent number: 1307622.9). In addition the use of cement board containing syntactic and cellulose fibres obtained from waste cardboard, as an effective asbestos substitute is the subject of my patent number: 20100234491.
After obtaining his PhD in Civil Engineering and concrete technology at Leeds University, Prof. Ganjian held a number of research and academic positions at Leeds University, Building and Housing Research Centre and KNT University of Tehran. He also worked in different consultancy firms and supervised major civil engineering works for quality control of concrete and mix design for special applications. Eshmaiel joined Coventry University's Faculty of Engineering, Environment and Computing in 1998 and has been the principal investigator and project leader for a number of successful research projects at the faculty. He provides expertise and training in advanced techniques in Civil Engineering Materials in various research projects. Prof. Ganjian became a Reader in Civil Engineering Materials in 2008 and a professor in 2015.
Eshmaiel has 140 publications including 40 in major journals, 3 major text books and 2 patents. He aspires to develop advanced smart construction materials that are sustainable and have low environmental impact with this new line of research in Civil Engineering Materials.
Prof. Ganjian’s main research interests includes development of low-carbon cement, novel cementing materials and concrete using by-products and waste materials, utilisation of various mineral wastes in Controlled Low Strength Materials, corrosion mitigation of chloride contaminated reinforced concrete structures, investigation into alternative fibres as a suitable replacement for asbestos fibre used in composite cement boards, and developing instrumentation for road pavement layers evaluations.
- Ganjian, E., Jalull, G., and Sadeghi-Pouya, H. (2015) ‘Using waste materials and by-products to produce concrete paving blocks’. Construction and Building Materials 77, 270-275.
- Ganjian, E., Jalull, G., and Sadeghi-Pouya, H. (2015) ‘Reducing cement contents of paving blocks by using mineral waste and by-product materials’. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 27 (1), 04014106-1 - 04014106-11.
- Das, S., Sadeghi-Pouya, H., and Ganjian, E. (2015) ‘Zinc rich paint as anode for cathodic protection of steel in concrete’. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 27 (11), 04015013-1 - 04015013-9.
- Das, S., Sadeghi-Pouya, H., and Ganjian, E. (2011) 'Corrosion mitigation of chloride contaminated reinforced concrete structures: a state-of-the-art review'. Proceedings of the ICE. Civil Engineering 164 (1), 21-28.
- Mohammadkazemi, F., Doosthoseini, K., Ganjian, E., and Azin, M. (2015) ‘Manufacturing of bacterial nano-cellulose reinforced fiber−cement composites’. Construction and Building Materials 101 (1), 958-964.
- Khorami, M., and Ganjian, E. (2011) 'Comparing flexural behaviour of Fibre - Cement Composites reinforced baggasse, wheat and eucalyptus'. Construction and Building Materials25 (9), 3661-3667.
- Ganjian, E., Khorami, M., and Maghsoudi, A. (2009) 'Scrap-tyre rubber replacement for aggregate and filler in concrete'. Construction and Building Materials 23 (5), 1828-1836.
- Ganjian, E., and Sadeghi-Pouya, H. (2009) 'The effect of Persian Gulf tidal zone exposure on durability of mixes containing silica fume and blast furnace slag'. Construction and Building Materials 23 (2), 644-652.
- Ganjian, E., Sadeghi-Pouya, H., Claisse, P., Waddell, M., Hemmings, S., and Johansson, S. (2009) 'Plasterboard and Gypsum Waste as a Novel Cementitious Binder'. In Concrete Materials: Properties, Performance and Applications. Ed. by Sentowski, J.T. New York: Nova publishers, 1-115.
- Ganjian, E., Claisse, P.A., Tyrer, M., and Atkinson, A. (2004) 'Preliminary investigations into the use of secondary waste minerals as a novel cementitious landfill liner'. Construction and Building Materials 18 (9), 689-699.
- Reducing Carbon Foot Print of paving blocks by enhancing pozzolanic activity of industrial waste: Reducing the amount of Portland cement used in the manufacture of Paving blocks (Patent number GB1307622.9).
- Scrap-tyre rubber replacement for aggregate and filler in concrete: Demonstrated, for the first time, that tyre crumbs can be used as additions to cementitous filler without impairing performance.
- Recycling of red gypsum, a pilot study concerning gypsum trench fill: Developed uses for contaminated titanogypsum for a trial pour using waste gypsum and oxygen slag dust as a self-compacting backfill.
- Gypsum waste reduction: Both waste plasterboard and red gypsum were used to develop Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM) for different construction applications.
- Use of surplus sulphur in concrete: Sulphur waste was utilized to develop paving blocks for footways using different admixtures to improve the durability of the products.
- Study and use of Silica Fume in concrete: The effect of tidal zone exposure on durability of mixes containing silica fume and blast furnace slag were investigated.
- Novel composite landfill liners incorporating clays and mineral processing wastes: Wide range of different mineral wastes was used to act as liners to contain the leachate, included three site trials.
- Suitable concrete for a multi-story freezer building and mix design for it: The long term durability of developed concrete mixes was examined for suitability of use in the building using different admixtures.
Harriet Deacon, Visiting Fellow
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