For a fee: the recruitment of migrant domestic workers
Various, including ILO Special Action Programme to Combat Forced Labour (DfID and U.S. Department of Labour), International Organisation for Migration (IOM), Open Society Foundations, Humanity United.
ILO, IOM, Fair Hiring Initiative, Equip (Lebanon)
Dr. Katharine Jones, Marie Apostol, Leena Ksaifi, Daryl Delgado, Stephanie Morin, Patrick Dobree, Wangui Irimu.
A number of related projects have sought to document and explain how recruitment firms and brokers profit from organising migration, how and why recruitment firms engage in specific unethical/ abusive business practice, why it predominates as a means of organizing migration in some national contexts and not in others, and how recruitment abuses can be effectively challenged by governments and by migrants themselves. With various collaborators and team members, projects have been conducted in Indonesia, Singapore, Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Lebanon, Jordan, Brazil, Paraguay and Kenya. The current project explores how male and female migrant workers are able to most effectively challenge exploitative labour recruiters, with research conducted globally, but especially in Qatar and Nepal.
In 2015, there were an estimated 244 million migrants worldwide, an increase of 41% since the turn of the millennium. Over the past two decades, ‘recruiters’ who organise labour migration across international borders have also dramatically increased in numbers. Recruiters are a well-documented source of exploitation of migrant workers. Their business practices are known to exacerbate the risk of abuse, forced labour and human trafficking. Among the most widely cited abuses perpetrated by recruiters are: deception about the nature and conditions of work, confiscation of passports, illegal wage deductions, debt bondage linked to extortionate recruitment fees, threats if workers want to leave their employers and physical violence.
Four studies (the recruitment of migrant women into domestic from Bangladesh, India, Nepal into Jordan and Lebanon) were conducted for the ILO Special Action Programme to Combat Forced Labour (SAP-FL) between 2014 and 2015 as part of the Work in Freedom Initiative funded by UK DfID. This programme aimed to preventing the trafficking of women and girls in South Asia and the Middle East through promoting education, fair recruitment, safe migration and decent work. The study contributed to amendments to regulation in these countries, advocacy and campaigning, and the development of ethical recruitment principles with the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) and employers’ bodies.
Two further studies were funded by the US Department of Labour under the auspieces of the ILO Fair Recruitment Initiative, launched in 2014. These contributed to the development of ILO and US Government programmes of work in these countries (Brazil, Paraguay and Kenya) to tackle exploitation of migrants, as well to advocacy on the ground.
A further study conducted for Open Society Foundations (Asia and Middle East Programme) explored the use of a “TripAdvisor” style project for migrant women to report back on and improve the practices of exploitative recruiters in Indonesia. This study influenced the further development of the project, and has fed into the development of a global “TripAdvisor for Migrants” soon to be launched by the ITUC/ ILO with funding from the US Government.
Crisis, what crisis? Assessing international responses to refugees from 2010 to 2020
With around 22.5 million people are currently displaced across international borders by armed conflict, persecution or human rights violations and two thirds living in long-term, protracted displacement, there have been repeated political and media claims of an unprecedented ‘global refugee crisis’. But how useful is it to think of this as a global crisis? How have states and international organisations sought to address the issue? And what lies ahead for international politics and policy making?
Coventry University Research on Africa Seminar (CURAS 2018)
Across many departments and research centres in Coventry University are researchers undertaking varied and sometimes interdisciplinary research projects on Africa that aligns with the research interest and agendas of other fellow researchers. Thus, the idea behind CURAS 2018 is to bring together researchers in Coventry University undertaking research in Africa.
Everyday Resistance of Kurds And Palestinians: Countering Domination via Nonviolent Means
This conference will explore the power of everyday resistance among Kurds and Palestinians and the different shapes and forms this takes locally and transnationally. People of Kurdistan and Palestine have a long history of resistance and they have shown many examples of what James Scott called “weapons of the weak”. In all three contexts, it is possible to find examples of nonviolent collective and individual actions which have deep symbolic and ideological underpinnings. Often everyday resistance practices intersect with organised political collectives that are much more visible than the typically subtle repertoires of everyday resistance.
Refugee resettlement: global dynamics, local challenges
Around 22.5 million people around the world have been displaced across international borders by armed conflict, persecution or human rights violations. UNHCR estimates that two thirds of this population have been living in long-term, protracted displacement. For this Breakfast Briefing, Coventry Refugee and Migrant Centre with the Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations invite you to a discussion on the global dynamics and local challenges of refugee resettlement. We will ask; what is it like to be a refugee undergoing resettlement?